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A re‐examination of the individual differences approach that explains occupational resilience and psychological adjustment among nurses

Heritage, B.ORCID: 0000-0002-6437-7232, Rees, C.S., Osseiran‐Moisson, R., Chamberlain, D., Cusack, L., Anderson, J., Fagence, A., Sutton, K., Brown, J., Terry, V.R., Hemsworth, D. and Hegney, D.G. (2019) A re‐examination of the individual differences approach that explains occupational resilience and psychological adjustment among nurses. Journal of Nursing Management, 27 (7). pp. 1391-1399.

Link to Published Version: https://doi.org/10.1111/jonm.12820
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Abstract

Aims
This study re‐examines the validity of a model of occupational resilience for use by nursing managers, which focused on an individual differences approach that explained buffering factors against negative outcomes such as burnout for nurses.

Background
The International Collaboration of Workforce Resilience model (Rees et al., 2015, Frontiers in Psychology, 6, 73) provided initial evidence of its value as a parsimonious model of resilience, and resilience antecedents and outcomes (e.g., burnout). Whether this model's adequacy was largely sample dependent, or a valid explanation of occupational resilience, has been subsequently un‐examined in the literature to date. To address this question, we re‐examined the model with a larger and an entirely new sample of student nurses.

Methods
A sample of nursing students (n = 708, AgeM(SD) = 26.4 (7.7) years), with data examined via a rigorous latent factor structural equation model.

Results
The model upheld many of its relationship predictions following further testing.

Conclusions
The model was able to explain the individual differences, antecedents, and burnout‐related outcomes, of resilience within a nursing context.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation: Psychology, Counselling, Exercise Science and Chiropractic
Publisher: Wiley
Copyright: © 2019 John Wiley & Sons Ltd
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/52742
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