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High-Intensity Single-Leg cycling improves cardiovascular disease risk factor profile

Gordon, N., Abbiss, C.R., Maiorana, A.J., James, A.P., Clarke, K., Marston, K.J. and Peiffer, J.J.ORCID: 0000-0002-3331-1177 (2019) High-Intensity Single-Leg cycling improves cardiovascular disease risk factor profile. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 51 (11). pp. 2234-2242.

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Introduction Regular exercise can reduce the risk of developing cardiovascular disease through risk factor modification, with high-intensity exercise and more recently small muscle mass training providing alternatives to moderate-intensity exercise.

Methods This study randomly assigned 53 healthy middle-age adults (age, 62 ± 6 yr) to complete 24 sessions (8 wk; 3 d·wk−1) of exercise training, using either high-intensity double-leg cycling (n = 17; HITDL), high-intensity single-leg cycling (n = 18; HITSL), or moderate-intensity double-leg cycling (n = 18; MCTDL). Biomarkers of cardiovascular risk (total cholesterol, triglycerides, HDL-c, LDL-c, apo-B48, and glucose), anthropometry measures (body mass, body mass index, waist circumference, and waist-to-hip ratio), resting blood pressure, and aerobic capacity were assessed pre- and postintervention.

Results Total work completed was greater (P < 0.01) in MCTDL (5938 ± 1462 kJ) compared with the HITDL (3462 ± 1063 kJ) and HITSL (4423 ± 1875 kJ). Pre- to posttraining differences were observed for waist-to-hip ratio (0.84 ± 0.09 vs 0.83 ± 0.09; P < 0.01), resting systolic blood pressure (129 ± 11 vs 124 ± 12 mm Hg; P < 0.01), total cholesterol (5.87 ± 1.17 vs 5.55 ± 0.98 mmol·L−1; P < 0.01), and LDL-c (3.70 ± 1.04 vs 3.44 ± 0.84 mmol·L−1; P < 0.01), with no differences between conditions. In addition, aerobic capacity increased after training (22.3 ± 6.4 vs 24.9 ± 7.6 mL·kg−1·min−1; P < 0.01), with no differences between conditions.

Conclusion These findings suggest that all three modes of exercise can be prescribed to achieve cardiovascular risk reduction in an aging population.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation(s): School of Psychology and Exercise Science
Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Copyright: © 2019 by the American College of Sports Medicine
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