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Treaty of Versailles (1919)

Webster, A.ORCID: 0000-0002-9727-9516 (2018) Treaty of Versailles (1919). In: Martel, G., (ed.) The Encyclopedia of Diplomacy. Wiley, West Sussex, pp. 1-15.

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The Treaty of Versailles, signed on June 28, 1919, formed the peace agreement between the victorious Allied and Associated Powers and a defeated Germany which concluded the First World War. Negotiated during the first six months of 1919 at the Great Peace Conference held in Paris, the Versailles treaty was the subject of enormous controversy even before it was signed and has since continued to be widely reviled as a vindictive document which led directly to a second world war. However, the current scholarly consensus is far more measured in balancing the treaty's very real shortcomings with the immensity of the challenges it was expected to solve. The Versailles treaty should be appreciated as an essentially moderate and flexible document, negotiated by rational statesmen who sought to achieve the best compromise possible under the pressures of extraordinary social and political upheaval.

Item Type: Book Chapter
Publisher: Wiley
Copyright: © 2018 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
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