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A Trypsin Family protein gene controls tillering and leaf shape in barley

Ye, L., Wang, Y., Long, L., Luo, H., Shen, Q., Broughton, S., Wu, D., Shu, X., Dai, F., Li, C. and Zhang, G. (2019) A Trypsin Family protein gene controls tillering and leaf shape in barley. Plant Physiology, 181 (2). pp. 701-713.

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Tillering or branching is an important agronomic trait in plants, especially cereal crops. Previously, in barley (Hordeum vulgare) ‘Vlamingh’, we identified the high number of tillers1 (hnt1) mutant from a γ-ray-treated segregating population. hnt1 exhibited more tillers per plant, narrower leaves, and reduced plant height compared with the wild-type parent. In this study, we show that the hnt1-increased tiller number per plant is caused by accelerated outgrowth of tiller buds and that hnt1 narrower leaves are caused by a reduction in vascular tissue and cell number. Genetic analysis revealed that a 2-bp deletion in the gene HORVU2Hr1G098820 (HvHNT1), encoding a trypsin family protein, was responsible for the hnt1 mutant phenotype. Gene function was further confirmed by transgenic complementation with HvHNT1 and RNA interference experiments. HvHNT1 was expressed in vascular tissue, leaf axils, and adventitious root primordia and shown to negatively regulate tiller development. Mutation of HvHNT1 led to the accumulation of a putative cyclophilin-type peptidyl-prolyl cis/trans-isomerase (HvPPIase), which physically interacts with the HvHNT1 protein in the nucleus of plant cells. Our data suggest that HvHNT1 controls tiller development and leaf width through HvPPIase, thus contributing to understanding of the molecular players that control tillering in barley…

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation(s): Western Australian State Agricultural Biotechnology Centre
Western Barley Genetics Alliance
Publisher: American Society of Plant Biologists
Copyright: © 2019 American Society of Plant Biologists.
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