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49 Effects of culture conditions and gene transfection on the development of bovine somatic cell nuclear transfer embryos

Pärn, P., Plaas, M., Nõmm, M., Jaakma, Ü. and Kõks, S. (2013) 49 Effects of culture conditions and gene transfection on the development of bovine somatic cell nuclear transfer embryos. Reproduction, Fertility and Development, 25 (1). p. 172.

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Somatic cell nucleus transfer (SCNT) and in vitro culture of reconstructed embryos are the pivotal steps for successful cloning and generation of transgenic cattle. The aim of the study was to determine the influence of different cell fusion parameters, maturation, and culture conditions and the type of a cell line (bovine fetal fibroblast cell lines with or without gene transfection) on SCNT blastocyst development. Slaughterhouse-derived oocytes were matured for 17 h in TCM-199 (Sigma, St. Louis, MO, USA) supplemented with 0.05 µg mL–1 of epidermal growth factor (EGF) and 15 IU mL–1 of hCG/eCG (Intervet, PG600) or 10 µg mL–1 of FSH and 12.5 mU mL–1 of LH (Sioux Biochemical Inc., Sioux Center, IA, USA). Four fetal fibroblast cell lines (4 to 5 passages) and identical cell lines transfected with plasmid containing either human erythropoietin, FSH, growth hormone, or insulin-coding cDNA under β-casein promoter (7 to 9 passages) were used for SCNT. Cell fusion was induced by 2 direct-current pulses in 0.5 or 0.2 micro fusion chambers (Eppendorf Multiporator) using one of the following treatments: 100V for 15 µs (F1), 65V for 25 µs (F2), 65V for 20 µs (F3; all in a 0.5-mm chamber), or 36V for 25 µs (F4; 0.2-mm chamber). Fused complexes were activated with 4 µg mL–1 of Ca-ionophore for 4 min and then incubated for 5 h in 2 mM DMAP. The embryos were cultured in SOFaaci medium (Holm et al. 1999) or in commercial SOF medium (Minitüb GmbH, Tiefenbach, Germany) for 7 days. Data were analysed by ANOVA and the chi-square test. The results of the study showed that the cleavage rate of the reconstructed embryos was influenced by the fusion regimen (P < 0.05) but not by the donor cell type (P < 0.05). Treatments F2 and F3 resulted in cleavage rates higher (P < 0.05) than F1 and F4 (77.2, 82.0, 62.8, and 63.1%, respectively). Blastocyst yield was not significantly influenced by the different in vitro maturation (IVM) media – altogether, addition of FSH/LH resulted in 14.6% (158/1079) and EGF + hCG/eCG in 13.2% (73/554) of blastocysts (P < 0.05). The combination of TCM-199 + FSH/LH and SOFaaci resulted in 19.6% (79/403) blastocysts compared with 12.4% (74/596) when the same IVM medium and commercial SOF were used (P < 0.05). The use of transgenic cell lines for cloning led to a lower overall blastocyst rate (10.9%, 38/348) than use of non-transfected cell lines (17.7%, 115/651; P < 0.05), whereas the differences were 5.6 and 4.1 percentage points for SOF and SOFaaci, respectively. There were no significant differences between the individual cell lines within a cell line type. In conclusion, the optimization of the fusion parameters and in vitro culture (IVC) conditions led to improved blastocyst yields. In vivo development potential of the generated embryos still has to be evaluated in further studies.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publisher: CSIRO Publishing
Copyright: © 2013 CSIRO
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