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Lsamp–/– mice display lower sensitivity to amphetamine and have elevated 5-HT turnover

Innos, J., Leidmaa, E., Philips, M-A, Sütt, S., Alttoa, A., Harro, J., Kõks, S. and Vasar, E. (2013) Lsamp–/– mice display lower sensitivity to amphetamine and have elevated 5-HT turnover. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, 430 (1). pp. 413-418.

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In mice, the limbic system-associated membrane protein (Lsamp) gene has been implicated in locomotion, anxiety, fear reaction, learning, social behaviour and adaptation. Human data links the LSAMP gene to several psychiatric disorders and completed suicide. Here, we investigated changes in major monoamine systems in mice lacking the Lsamp gene. First, the locomotor and rewarding effects of amphetamine were studied in Lsamp–/– mice and Lsamp+/+ mice. Second, monoamine levels in major brain regions in response to saline and amphetamine injections were measured and, third, the expression levels of dopamine system-related genes in the brain were studied in these mice. Lsamp–/– mice displayed lower sensitivity to amphetamine in the motility box. Likewise, in the place preference test, the rewarding effect of amphetamine was absent in Lsamp–/– mice. In all brain regions studied, Lsamp–/– mice displayed lower serotonin (5-HT) baseline levels, but a greater 5-HT turnover rate, and amphetamine increased the level of 5-HT and lowered 5-HT turnover to a greater extent in Lsamp–/– mice. Finally, Lsamp–/– mice had lower level of dopamine transporter (DAT) mRNA in the mesencephalon. In conclusion, Lsamp-deficiency leads to increased endogenous 5-HT-ergic tone and enhanced 5-HT release in response to amphetamine. Elevated 5-HT function and reduced activity of DAT are the probable reasons for the blunted effects of amphetamine in these mice. Lsamp–/– mice are a promising model to study the neurobiological mechanisms of deviant social behaviour and adaptation impairment observed in many psychiatric disorders.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publisher: Academic Press
Copyright: © 2012 Elsevier Inc.
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