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Fibroblast growth on micro- and nanopatterned surfaces prepared by a novel sol–gel phase separation method

Reemann, P., Kangur, T., Pook, M., Paalo, M., Nurmis, L., Kink, I., Porosaar, O., Kingo, K., Vasar, E., Kõks, S., Jaks, V. and Järvekülg, M. (2013) Fibroblast growth on micro- and nanopatterned surfaces prepared by a novel sol–gel phase separation method. Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine, 24 (3). pp. 783-792.

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Physical characteristics of the growth substrate including nano- and microstructure play crucial role in determining the behaviour of the cells in a given biological context. To test the effect of varying the supporting surface structure on cell growth we applied a novel sol–gel phase separation-based method to prepare micro- and nanopatterned surfaces with round surface structure features. Variation in the size of structural elements was achieved by solvent variation and adjustment of sol concentration. Growth characteristics and morphology of primary human dermal fibroblasts were found to be significantly modulated by the microstructure of the substrate. The increase in the size of the structural elements, lead to increased inhibition of cell growth, altered morphology (increased cytoplasmic volume), enlarged cell shape, decrease in the number of filopodia) and enhancement of cell senescence. These effects are likely mediated by the decreased contact between the cell membrane and the growth substrate. However, in the case of large surface structural elements other factors like changes in the 3D topology of the cell’s cytoplasm might also play a role.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publisher: Springer US
Copyright: © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media New York
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