Murdoch University Research Repository

Welcome to the Murdoch University Research Repository

The Murdoch University Research Repository is an open access digital collection of research
created by Murdoch University staff, researchers and postgraduate students.

Learn more

Australia Indonesian merchandise trade, 1970-1985

Tandean, Arief (1991) Australia Indonesian merchandise trade, 1970-1985. Masters by Research thesis, Murdoch University.

PDF - Whole Thesis
Available Upon Request


The subject of this study is the trade relationship between Australia and Indonesia, specifically the merchandise trade relationship. Although much have been written on this subject, most of the existing literature covers only broad macro - economic aspects, while some important micro - economic aspects have economic aspects are related to the practical implementation of international trade which include such factors as business structures, market conditions and especially the attitude and performance of been overlooked. These micro traders as well as the attitude and policies of governments.

On the theoretical level, we will examine the development of trade theories and trade models to see how far these existing theories and models can explain the international trade patterns and bilateral trade relations. The issue of complementarity has been at the heart of most attempts to explain the relative low level of trade. Our argument is that the bilateral trade relationship should not only be explained in terms of complementarity. Actually there is sufficient scope of complementarity. The problem in the trade relationship is not so much the lack of complementarity but the failure of both countries to compete with other (third countries) exporters.

This study will also show the importance of certain institutional features such as the role of the State, business structures, market conditions, certain international trade practices and the aspects of foreign aid in international trade. Broad analyses of trade performance will be combined with empirical analyses drawing from observations and experiences of the real actors in the trade relationship which are the corporate sector and government officials. The empirical analyses are intended to reveal a range of practical problems faced in reality and which may hopefully provide a guide for action by both State officials and corporate managers.

On policy implications and trade policies, the so called thinking on trade policies ' does seem to be a realistic and applicable view. The admission of imperfect market conditions and State intervention is a very realistic view on the existing international trade situation and the justification for certain new is an acknowledgement of the trade policies already implemented by most countries. Although this new thinking on trade policies is activist trade policies still in an early stage and an overall model incorporating imperfect market conditions still has to be developed, our arguments are in line with this new thinking.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters by Research)
Murdoch Affiliation(s): School of Humanities
Notes: Note to the author: If you would like to make your thesis openly available on Murdoch University Library's Research Repository, please contact: Thank you.
Supervisor(s): Robison, Richard and Kenyon, Peter
Item Control Page Item Control Page