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The rise of the Indonesian women's movement in the New Order state

Muchtar, Darmiyanti (1999) The rise of the Indonesian women's movement in the New Order state. Masters by Research thesis, Murdoch University.

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Gender politics of the New Order state, which cast Indonesian women as mothers and wives, harnessed the pre-New Order women’s movement and prevented the genesis of a new women’s movement. However, changes in economic and political dynamics during 1980s and 1990s provided material bases for the genesis of autonomous women’s organisations in most parts of Indonesia during 1982-1998. I argue that this marks the rise of a new women’s movement under authoritarian New Order. This thesis aims to explore and analyse the movement in terms of its origin, agendas and attitudes towards the state and its vision for a social transformation.

I argue that new globalized discourses on feminism and development on the one hand and the nationally specific feminization of poverty, and the process of democratisation, on the other, combine to transform the consciousness among educated women from the urban and rural middle classes. These were the women who to set up the new women’s organisations during 1982-1998. This social base of the movement ensured that the problems of poor and working class women remained central to the agendas of most of these groups. Most of the thesis is taken up with categorising the women’s organisations according to ideological differences and explaining their main agendas and attitudes towards the state and social transformation.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters by Research)
Murdoch Affiliation(s): Division of Social Sciences, Humanities and Education
Notes: Note to the author: If you would like to make your thesis openly available on Murdoch University Library's Research Repository, please contact: Thank you.
Supervisor(s): Sen, Krishna
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