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Determination of grapefruit ( Citrus paradisi ) peel extract bio‐active substances and its application in Caspian white fish ( Rutilus frisii kutum ) diet: Growth, haemato‐biochemical parameters and intestinal morphology

Samavat, Z., Shamsaie Mehrgan, M., Jamili, S., Soltani, M. and Hosseini Shekarabi, S.P. (2019) Determination of grapefruit ( Citrus paradisi ) peel extract bio‐active substances and its application in Caspian white fish ( Rutilus frisii kutum ) diet: Growth, haemato‐biochemical parameters and intestinal morphology. Aquaculture Research, 50 (9). pp. 2496-2504.

Link to Published Version: https://doi.org/10.1111/are.14204
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Abstract

In this study, total phenolic and flavonoid contents of grapefruit peel extract (GPE) were equal to 117.3 ± 0.3 µg of gallic acid/mg and 39.30 ± 0.1 µg of quercetin/mg respectively. Caspian white fish (n = 180, 4 ± 0.9 g body weight) was fed with supplemented diets, including 0, 6.25, 12.5 and 25 mg of GPE/kg for 60 days at 25 ± 1°C. The growth performance was markedly improved in fish fed with 25 mg/kg of GPE compared to others (p < 0.05). Moreover, fish fed with 25 mg/kg of GPE showed a significant increase in red blood cell (2.65·106 cell/mm3), white blood cell (17.75·103 cell/mm3), packed cell volume (48%) and haemoglobin concentrations (8.75 g/dl) compared to the control (p < 0.05). However, the highest alanine aminotransferase (140 U/L), alanine transaminase (14.5 U/L), and alkaline phosphatase (18.5 U/L) were observed in control group. Morphological analysis of intestine revealed the highest amount of villus width (8.4 µM), height (32.86 µM) and surface area (342.7 µM2) in fish fed with 25 mg/kg of GPE (p < 0.05). In conclusion, supplementing feed with GPE at 25 g/kg can improve growth performance and haemato‐biochemical parameters of Caspian white fish fry.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation: Centre for Sustainable Aquatic Ecosystems
Freshwater Fish Group & Fish Health Unit
Harry Butler Institute
Publisher: Blackwell Publishing Inc
Copyright: © 2019 John Wiley & Sons Ltd
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/50554
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