Murdoch University Research Repository

Welcome to the Murdoch University Research Repository

The Murdoch University Research Repository is an open access digital collection of research
created by Murdoch University staff, researchers and postgraduate students.

Learn more

A factorial investigation of Savage's aged personality screening scale across four immigrant Western groups in Australia

German-Belmont, Angela Rosemary (1998) A factorial investigation of Savage's aged personality screening scale across four immigrant Western groups in Australia. Professional Doctorate thesis, Murdoch University.

PDF - Whole Thesis
Available Upon Request


The Research Problem investigated in this thesis was whether Savage's Aged Personality Screening Scale could be employed to assess personalities across different immigrant groups of Western culture in Australia, using the new validation method of confirmatory factor analysis.

Savage hypothesised that personality in the aged consisted of the four dimensions of Extraversion-Introversion, Anxiety, Depression and 'Self-concept'. From information from the literature review, it was concluded that Savage (along with many other researchers) mistook the dimension of 'self-esteem' for that of 'self-concept' as evident in the items he used to represent this dimension.

The findings of this thesis confirmed the validity of Savage's four dimensional Scale across the 548 old as well as young individuals, researched, comprising Australians, the standard group; Seychellois, of unknown cultural bias; Italians, regarded here as 'middle of the road' in the individualist-collectivist cultural dimension; and Croatians, representing the least individualist of the Western groups. However, of the 20 original items, only 16 identical items were valid for the Australian and Seychellois groups, 17 items for the Italian group and 10 items for the Croatian group in a 4-factor model.

From normative and clinical data results, females appeared more anxious than males, older individuals were more depressed and introverted, and most of them had lower Self-esteem than younger individuals, except the Italian group, who had higher Self­esteem. These results were consistent with those from previous researchers, reinforcing the probable validity of the Scale.

Finally, the cultural bias of the Seychellois appeared to be more individualist than collectivist.

It is thus concluded that, irrespective of the minor weaknesses discovered, Savage's Scale would be generally useful to clinicians in Australia, who served the needs of a multicultural clientele.

Item Type: Thesis (Professional Doctorate)
Murdoch Affiliation(s): Division of Social Sciences, Humanities and Education
Notes: Note to the author: If you would like to make your thesis openly available on Murdoch University Library's Research Repository, please contact: Thank you.
Supervisor(s): Savage, Doug and Walker, Iain
Item Control Page Item Control Page