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‘Hang on a Tick’ – Are ticks really the vectors for Australian Trypanosomes?

Krige, A-S, Thompson, R.C.A. and Clode, P.L. (2019) ‘Hang on a Tick’ – Are ticks really the vectors for Australian Trypanosomes? Trends in Parasitology, 35 (8). pp. 596-606.

Link to Published Version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pt.2019.05.008
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Abstract

Trypanosomes (genus Trypanosoma) are blood-borne protozoan parasites of vertebrates that typically require a haematophagous invertebrate as a vector. Triatomine bugs and several biting flies are recognized as their main vectors.

Ticks, as blood feeders, are predisposed to the ingestion of various parasites during feeding and have therefore long been proposed as vectors for Trypanosoma species.

Trypanosomes are reported in Australian wildlife, and early indications suggest that some species may adversely affect the health of native hosts. The vectors responsible for transmitting Australian Trypanosoma species between vertebrate hosts are unknown.

Ticks are suggested as vectors for several Australian trypanosomes based on microscopic and molecular detection of trypanosomes in ticks removed from wildlife. However, there are no experimental transmission studies to support this hypothesis to date.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publisher: Elsevier BV
Copyright: © 2019 Elsevier Ltd.
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/50144
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