Murdoch University Research Repository

Welcome to the Murdoch University Research Repository

The Murdoch University Research Repository is an open access digital collection of research
created by Murdoch University staff, researchers and postgraduate students.

Learn more

Iterative deep learning for image set based face and object recognition

Shah, S.A.A., Bennamoun, M. and Boussaid, F. (2016) Iterative deep learning for image set based face and object recognition. Neurocomputing, 174 . pp. 866-874.

Link to Published Version:
*Subscription may be required


We present a novel technique for image set based face/object recognition, where each gallery and query example contains a face/object image set captured from different viewpoints, background, facial expressions, resolution and illumination levels. While several image set classification approaches have been proposed in recent years, most of them represent each image set as a single linear subspace, mixture of linear subspaces or Lie group of Riemannian manifold. These techniques make prior assumptions in regards to the specific category of the geometric surface on which images of the set are believed to lie. This could result in a loss of discriminative information for classification. This paper alleviates these limitations by proposing an Iterative Deep Learning Model (IDLM) that automatically and hierarchically learns discriminative representations from raw face and object images. In the proposed approach, low level translationally invariant features are learnt by the Pooled Convolutional Layer (PCL). The latter is followed by Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs) applied iteratively in a hierarchical fashion to learn a discriminative non-linear feature representation of the input image sets. The proposed technique was extensively evaluated for the task of image set based face and object recognition on YouTube Celebrities, Honda/UCSD, CMU Mobo and ETH-80 (object) dataset, respectively. Experimental results and comparisons with state-of-the-art methods show that our technique achieves the best performance on all these datasets.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publisher: Elsevier BV
Copyright: © 2015 Elsevier B.V.
Item Control Page Item Control Page