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Stability aspects of wind power integration in power systems and microgrids

Kunwar, Amit (2019) Stability aspects of wind power integration in power systems and microgrids. PhD thesis, Murdoch University.

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Abstract

Wind farms can be located in remote and weak parts of power networks, due to the availability of wind energy. With integration of power from such wind farms, the power system’s stability might be affected especially at higher penetration levels. Instability issues resulting from such incorporations must be addressed to accommodate higher wind power penetration in the power networks. This thesis attempts to analyse the stability issues of power system with integration of variable speed wind turbine technology especially focusing on doubly fed induction generators. Additionally, a microgrid with different inertial and non-inertial sources is examined for enhancing design aspect of such microgrids from stability perspectives.
At different penetration levels of wind power, oscillatory modes are identified, and participation factors of the most associated state variables on such oscillatory modes are observed. Flexible ac transmission system based series and shunt devices are found effective in enhancing the small signal stability of such power networks for different wind power penetration levels. Besides, series devices are observed to contribute to an improvement in the transient behaviour of the power system. Similarly, high voltage dc link is also witnessed to positively influence low frequency oscillation damping. Furthermore, this thesis shows that higher voltage gain values of wind farms can contribute to an improvement in the small signal stability for increased wind power penetration. Another observation displays that a doubly fed induction based wind farm can contribute to improving the voltage stability of a distribution network in a steady state operating condition, as well as following disturbances. Based on the study on an isolated microgrid that has a combination of synchronous, converter-based distributed resources, and energy storage systems, it is observed that a suitable modification in such microgrid’s various components and parameters can positively influence its small signal stability.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Murdoch Affiliation: School of Engineering and Information Technology
Supervisor(s): Shahnia, Farhad, Shafiullah, GM and Bensal, Ramesh
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/49890
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