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Molecular, cytogenetic and morphological characterization of somatic hybrids of dihaploid Solanum tuberosum and diploid S. brevidens

Pehu, E., Karp, A., Moore, K., Steele, S., Dunckley, R. and Jones, M.G.K.ORCID: 0000-0001-5002-0227 (1989) Molecular, cytogenetic and morphological characterization of somatic hybrids of dihaploid Solanum tuberosum and diploid S. brevidens. Theoretical and Applied Genetics, 78 (5). pp. 696-704.

Link to Published Version: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00262566
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Abstract

Fifty-eight somatic hybrid plants, produced both by chemical (11) and electrical fusion (47) of protoplasts of dihaploid Solanum tuberosum and S. brevidens, have been analysed by molecular, cytological and morphological methods. The potentially useful euploid plants constituted 34% of the total, of which 20% were tetraploid and 14% hexaploid; the remainder were aneuploid at the tetraploid, hexaploid and octoploid levels. Analysis of chloroplast DNA showed that 55% of hybrids contained chloroplasts from S. brevidens and 45% from S. tuberosum. Hexaploids, the products of three protoplasts fusing together, were analyzed with specific DNA probes, and this revealed that nuclear genome dosages could be either 2∶1 S. tuberosum∶S. brevidens, or vice-versa. Chloroplast types of hexaploids were not influenced by nuclear genome dosage, and all six possible combinations of genome dosage and chloroplast types were found amongst tetraploids and hexaploids. To examine the morphology of the hybrid population and its possible relation to the chromosome number and chloroplast DNA type, 18 morphological characteristics were measured on greenhouse-grown plants and analyzed by principal component and canonical variate analyses. Both analyses showed that nuclear ploidy has the most prominent influence on the overall morphology of the hybrids. Differential parental genome expression in the morphology of the hybrids is discussed. These results provide useful data on the range of genetic combinations that can be expected to occur amongst somatic hybrid plants.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publisher: Springer Verlag
Copyright: © 1989 Springer-Verlag
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/49682
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