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Gene rescue in plants by direct gene transfer of total genomic DNA into protoplasts

Gallois, P., Lindsey, K., Malone, R., Kreis, M. and Jones, M.G.K.ORCID: 0000-0001-5002-0227 (1992) Gene rescue in plants by direct gene transfer of total genomic DNA into protoplasts. Nucleic Acids Research, 20 (15). pp. 3977-3982.

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To study the possibility of gene rescue in plants by direct gene transfer we chose the Arabidopsis mutant GH50 as a source of donor DNA. GH50 is tolerant of chlorsulfuron, a herbicide of the sulfonylurea class. Tobacco protoplasts were cotransfected with genomic DNA and the plasmid pHP23 which confers kanamycin resistance. A high frequency of colntegratlon of the plasmid and the genomic DNA was expected, which would allow the tagging of the plant selectable trait with the plasmid DNA. After transfection by electroporation the protoplasts were cultivated on regeneration medium supplemented with either chlorsulfuron or kanamycin as a selective agent. Selection on kanamycin yielded resistant calluses at an absolute transformation frequency (ATF) of 0.8x10 -3 . Selection on chlorsulfuron yielded resistant calluses at an ATF of 4.7x10 -6 . When a selection on chlorsulfuron was subsequently applied to the kanamycin resistant calluses, 8% of them showed resistance to this herbicide. Southern analysis carried out on the herbicide resistant transformants detected the presence of the herbicide resistance gene of Arabidopsis into the genome of the transformed tobacco. Segregation analysis showed the presence of the resistance gene and the marker gene in the progeny of the five analysed transformants. 3 transformants showed evidence of genetic linkage between the two genes. In addition we show that using the same technique a kanamycine resistance gene from a transgenic tobacco could be transferred into sugar beet protoplasts at a frequency of 0.17% of the transformants.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Copyright: © 1992 Oxford University Press
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