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Radiation degradation of MG rubber studied by dynamic mechanical analysis and solid state NMR

Perera, M.C.S. and Rowen, C.C.ORCID: 0000-0003-4490-9542 (2000) Radiation degradation of MG rubber studied by dynamic mechanical analysis and solid state NMR. Polymer, 41 (1). pp. 323-334.

Link to Published Version: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0032-3861(99)00087-7
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Abstract

Methyl methacrylate grafted natural rubber (NR) prepared by free radical polymerisation of methyl methacrylate in NR latex was irradiated to high energy radiation. Their structure and molecular dynamic changes during exposure to high energy radiation were investigated by dynamic mechanical analysis and solid state nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR). The changes of glass transition temperature and tan δmax with different radiation doses are reported. The effect of the radiation dose on tan δ peak width, tan δmax and area under tan δ curve are used to understand the miscibility and damping properties of the irradiated rubbers. This data was also used to calculate the radiation chemical yields of crosslinking, G(X), and scission, G(S). Solid state 13C NMR measurements were carried out to determine the several relaxation time parameters; rotating frame and laboratory frame proton and carbon relaxation times. Cross polarisation times and carbon relaxation times were interpreted based on the changes in the molecular motion. Proton relaxation times were interpreted based on the heterogeneity of the matrix. Results confirmed the disappearance of the interfacial region and phase separation during irradiation.

Methyl methacrylate grafted natural rubber (NR) prepared by free radical polymerisation of methyl methacrylate in NR latex was irradiated to high energy radiation. Their structure and molecular dynamic changes during exposure to high energy radiation were investigated by dynamic mechanical analysis and solid state nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR). The changes of glass transition temperature and tan δ(max) with different radiation doses are reported. The effect of the radiation dose on tan δ peak width, tan δ(max) and area under the tan δ curve are used to understand the miscibility and damping properties of the irradiated rubbers. This data was also used to calculate the radiation chemical yields of crosslinking, G(X), and scission, G(S). Solid state 13C NMR measurements were carried out to determine the several relaxation time parameters; rotating frame and laboratory frame proton and carbon relaxation times. Cross polarisation times and carbon relaxation times were interpreted based on the changes in the molecular motion. Proton relaxation times were interpreted based on the heterogeneity of the matrix. Results confirmed the disappearance of the interfacial region and phase separation during irradiation.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publisher: Elsevier BV
Copyright: © 2018 Elsevier B.V.
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/49208
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