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Evaluation of the distribution of fingerprints based on convictions in North Macedonia from 2005 to 2015

Sanchez III, Ireneo Gabayoyo (2019) Evaluation of the distribution of fingerprints based on convictions in North Macedonia from 2005 to 2015. Masters by Coursework thesis, Murdoch University.

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Abstract

Analysis of crime data can provide vital statistical evidence that can be applied in real life investigations. For this purpose, statistical reports published from the government can be a vital component in the investigation. A number of North Macedonian reports published by the State Statistical Office (SSO) have been used as complementary data to be used together with a 1982 point data set on crime data from successful fingerprint identification in Macedonia provided by the Bureau of Public Security (BPS) in the Ministry of Internal Affairs. Variables included in the data set included Crime committed, municipality of incidence, establishment where the crime was committed, item where prints are found, finger source of print and anonymised code for the perpetrator’s name. Crime data from state published reports and BPS provided data set are reviewed for initial patterns that could be further investigated and found a decreased overall total reported crime as well as crime rate for the country with crimes against properties dominating the highest proportion of total reported crime. Analysis of the crime data reflects this trend with severe theft or commonly known as burglaries making up 85% of all crimes. Offender data from BPS data set reveals 45% (888) of crimes were committed by single perpetrators whereas 304 individuals were responsible for the remaining 1094 crimes. Substrate types of lifted fingerprints for data set is also analysed revealing a large proportion of evidence types having a glass component, with windows and doors also a common target for fingerprints.

A review of the literature pertaining to offender, crime location, crime type and substrates is undertaken for the purpose of investigating areas where further research is required to be supplemented by the data provided by the BPS. Ultimately the findings of this study will be utilized to provide criminological data that could help in developing a more efficient system in criminal investigations.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters by Coursework)
Murdoch Affiliation: School of Veterinary and Life Sciences
United Nations SDGs: Goal 16: Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions
Supervisor(s): Oklevski, S., Speers, James and Keatley, David
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/48059
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