 # Withdrawal of a fluid of finite depth through a line sink with a cusp in the free surface

Hocking, G. ORCID: 0000-0002-5812-6015 and Vanden-Broeck, J-M. (1998) Withdrawal of a fluid of finite depth through a line sink with a cusp in the free surface. Computers & Fluids, 27 (7). pp. 797-806.

Link to Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0045-7930(98)00006-1
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## Abstract

The steady withdrawal of a fluid of finite depth into a line sink is considered. The problem is solved numerically by a boundary integral equation method. It is shown that the flow depends on the Froude number F = m(gH3)-1/2 and the nondimensional sink depth β = Hs/H, where m is the sink strength, g the acceleration of gravity, H is the total depth and Hs is the depth of the sink. For given values of β and F there is a one-parameter family of solutions with a cusp on the free surface above the sink. It is found that in general there is a train of steady waves on the free surface. For particular values of the parameters the amplitude of the waves vanishes and the solutions reduce to those computed by Vanden-Broeck and Keller. These findings confirm and generalize the calculations of Vanden-Broeck where the free surface was covered by a lid everywhere but close to the sink.

The steady withdrawal of a fluid of finite depth into a line sink is considered. The problem is solved numerically by a boundary integral equation method. It is shown that the flow depends on the Froude number F = m(gH3)-1/2 and the nondimensional sink depth β = HS/H, where m is the sink strength, g the acceleration of gravity, H is the total depth and HS is the depth of the sink. For given values of β and F there is a one-parameter family of solutions with a cusp on the free surface above the sink. It is found that in general there is a train of steady waves on the free surface. For particular values of the parameters the amplitude of the waves vanishes and the solutions reduce to those computed by Vanden-Broeck and Keller. These findings confirm and generalize the calculations of Vanden-Broeck where the free surface was covered by a lid everywhere but close to the sink.

Item Type: Journal Article School of Chemical and Mathematical Science Elsevier BV Elsevier BV. http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/4686 Item Control Page