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Hot ambient conditions do not alter intermittent cycling sprint performance

Almudehki, F., Girard, O., Grantham, J. and Racinais, S. (2012) Hot ambient conditions do not alter intermittent cycling sprint performance. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 15 (2). pp. 148-152.

Link to Published Version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2011.07.009
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Abstract

Objectives
To investigate the effect of hot exposure on the ability to perform intermittent cycling sprints.

Design
Repeated measures.

Methods
Ten male volunteers performed 35 min of intermittent cycling comprising of 8 maximal 6-s sprints interspersed by 1 min of passive recovery followed by 4 min of constant-load pedaling (1 W kg−1 of body weight) on a cycle ergometer in control (24̊C, 24% rH) and hot (40̊C, 40% rH) environments.

Results
Peak power output did not decrease during the exercise and was not dependent on the environmental temperature (average of 767 ± 120 W in control and 767 ± 119 W in hot, NS). Skin temperatures (e.g., chest: 36.8 ± 0.8 vs. 32.7 ± 0.6°C), heart rate (132 ± 13 vs. 118 ± 13 bpm) and rating of perceived exertion (13 ± 3 vs. 11 ± 3) were higher (all p < .05) in hot than control environment. However, EMG activity (RMS, vastus lateralis) and neuromuscular efficiency (power/RMS ratio) were similar at the two environmental conditions.

Conclusions
Despite higher cardiovascular and perceptual strain in the hot trial, heat exposure did not alter neither peak power output nor related muscle activation and neuromuscular efficiency in the absence of hyperthermia (average core temperature of 37.6 ± 0.3°C in control vs. 37.7 ± 0.4°C in hot, NS).

Item Type: Journal Article
Publisher: Elsevier BV
Copyright: © 2011 Sports Medicine Australia.
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/45921
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