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Muscle variables of importance for physiological performance in competitive football

Mohr, M., Thomassen, M., Girard, O., Racinais, S. and Nybo, L. (2016) Muscle variables of importance for physiological performance in competitive football. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 116 (2). pp. 251-262.

Link to Published Version: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-015-3274-x
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Abstract

Purpose
To examine how match performance parameters in trained footballers relate to skeletal muscle parameters, sprint ability and intermittent exercise performance.

Methods
19 male elite football players completed an experimental game with physical performance determined by video analysis and exercise capacity assessed by intermittent Yo-Yo IR1 and IR2 tests, and a repeated sprint test (RST). Muscle tissue was obtained for analysis of metabolic enzyme maximal activity and key muscle protein expression.

Results
Total game distance, distance deficit from first to second half and high-intensity running in the final 15 min of the game were all correlated to the players’ Yo-Yo IR1 performance (r = 0.55–0.87) and beta-hydroxyacyl-CoA-dehydrogenase (HAD) maximal activity (r = 0.55–0.65). Furthermore, platelet/endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 (PECAM1) protein expression was weakly (r = 0.46) correlated to total game distance. Peak 5-min game distance faster than 21 km h−1 was related to the Na+–K+ ATPase subunit (α1, α2, β1 and FXYD1) protein levels (r = 0.54–0.70), while Yo-Yo IR2 performance explained 40 % of the variance in high-intensity game distance. Total and 1-min peak sprint distance correlated to myosin heavy chain II/I ratio (MHCII/I ratio) and sarcoendoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ ATPase isoform-1 (SERCA1) protein (r = 0.56–0.86), while phosphofructokinase (PFK) maximal activity also correlated to total sprint distance (r = 0.46).

Conclusion
The findings emphasize the complexity of parameters predicting physical football performance with Yo-Yo IR1 and HAD as the best predictors of total distance, while high expression of Na+–K+ ATPase proteins and the Yo-Yo IR2 test are better predictors of high-intensity performance. Finally, sprint performance relates to skeletal muscle fiber-type composition.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publisher: Springer Verlag
Copyright: © 2015 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/45572
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