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Primary and repetitive secondary somatic embryogenesis of Lepidosperma drummondii (Cyperaceae) and Baloskion tetraphyllum (Restionaceae) for land restoration and horticulture

Panaia, M., Bunn, E. and McComb, J.A. (2011) Primary and repetitive secondary somatic embryogenesis of Lepidosperma drummondii (Cyperaceae) and Baloskion tetraphyllum (Restionaceae) for land restoration and horticulture. In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology - Plant, 47 (3). pp. 379-386.

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Somatic embryogenesis was developed as a method of mass propagation for Lepidosperma drummondii (Cyperaceae), a difficult to propagate but important species for post-mining restoration in a region of high plant biodiversity, in the southwest of Western Australia. Cultures were initiated from excised zygotic embryos, shoot cultures to rhizomes. Only zygotic embryos of L. drummondii developed somatic embryos, with half strength Murashige and Skoog basal medium (BM) and 1 mu M 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) being the most effective combination. The first culture cycle yielded a mean of 30 somatic embryos per excised zygotic embryo forming an embryo cluster. After a further 6 wk in culture (on fresh BM with 1 mu M 2,4-D), approximately 350 somatic embryos per starting embryo cluster were recorded. Following regular sub-culturing of primary somatic embryo clusters onto fresh media (every 4 wk), more than 74,000 secondary somatic embryos were estimated to have been produced after eight subculture periods. This translates to between 1,000 and 2,000 somatic embryos produced from an estimated 45 mg of starting tissue per culture plate or potentially 22,0000-44,000 somatic embryos per gram of tissue. This is a significant improvement over all previous methods used to propagate L. drummondii, in which typical in vitro shoot multiplication rates are as low as 1.43 per 8 wk. This also compared favourably with published data and concurrent experiments undertaken in this study (as an extra control measure) on somatic embryo production for a related species Baloskion tetraphyllum (using the same BM with 1 mu M 2,4-D and coleoptile segments as explants). Various media combinations were investigated for efficacy in converting somatic embryos into plants with best results ranging from 86% to 100% conversion for B. tetraphyllum on BM without plant growth regulators. Development of L. drummondii somatic embryos into plants was not observed on BM without plant growth regulators. However, a best result of 39% conversion to plants was observed on BM with 1 mu M thidiazuron. This is the first report of successful development of somatic embryogenesis and conversion of somatic embryos into plants using thidiazuron for the Australian cyperale L. drummondii.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation: School of Biological Sciences and Biotechnology
Publisher: Springer
Copyright: The Society for In Vitro Biology 201
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