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Genetic mapping and evolutionary analyses of the black grain trait in barley

Long, Z., Jia, Y., Tan, C., Zhang, X-Q, Angessa, T., Broughton, S., Westcott, S., Dai, F., Zhang, G., Sun, D., Xu, Y. and Li, C. (2019) Genetic mapping and evolutionary analyses of the black grain trait in barley. Frontiers in Plant Science, 9 .

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Barley occupies the widest ecological area among the major cereal crops, thereby generating a high potential for adaptive genetic diversity against various environmental factors. Colored barley such as black grain barley has been suggested to result from environmental adaptation to biotic and abiotic stresses. Using one double haploid population (433 lines), plus three F5 recombinant inbred line (RIL) populations (1,009 lines), the black lemma and pericarp (Blp) gene was mapped between two Insertion/deletion (Indel) markers MC_1570156 and MC_162350 with a physical distance of 0.807 Mb, containing 21 annotated genes in the mapped interval. Whole-genome re-sequencing was performed on two Tibetan wild barley lines (X1 and W1) with black grain phenotype. The probable candidate genes for Blp were discussed based on gene functional annotation and gene sequence variation analyses. Thirteen polymorphic Indel markers covering the target genetic region were used to analyze 178 barley accessions including 49 black husk entries. Genotype-based clustering analyses showed that the black landraces of different geographical background may have evolved from a single origin. Our study represents a significant improvement on the genetic mapping of Blp and would facilitate future study on the characterization of the genetic basis underlying this interesting agronomic trait.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation(s): Western Barley Genetics Alliance
Publisher: Frontiers
Copyright: © 2019 The Authors
United Nations SDGs: Goal 12: Responsible Consumption and Production
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