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Proof of concept of wastewater treatment via passive aeration SND using a novel zeolite amended biofilm reactor

Cheng, L., Flavigny, R.M-G, Hossain, M.I., Charles, W. and Cord-Ruwisch, R. (2018) Proof of concept of wastewater treatment via passive aeration SND using a novel zeolite amended biofilm reactor. Water Science and Technology, 78 (10). pp. 2204-2213.

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The current paper describes a novel passive aeration simultaneous nitrification and denitrification (PASND) zeolite amended biofilm reactor that removes organic carbon and nitrogen from wastewater with low-energy consumption. Next to the ammonium oxidizing bacteria (AOB), this reactor contained naturally enriched glycogen accumulating organisms (GAOs) and zeolite powder to initially adsorb BOD (acetate) and ammonium (NH4+-N) from synthetic wastewater under anaerobic conditions. Draining of the treated wastewater exposed the biofilm directly to air enabling low-energy oxygen supply by passive aeration. This allowed the adsorbed ammonium to be oxidized by the AOB and the produced nitrite and nitrate to be reduced simultaneously by the GAOs using the adsorbed BOD (stored as PHAs) as carbon source. Overall, with an operation mode of 1 h anaerobic and 4 h aerobic phase, the nutrient removal efficiency after single treatment was about 94.3% for BOD and 72.2% for nitrogen (NH4+-N). As high-energy aeration of the bulk solution for oxygen supply is completely avoided, the energy requirement of the proposed PASND biofilm reactor can be theoretically cut down to more than 50% compared to the traditional activated sludge process.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation(s): School of Engineering and Information Technology
Publisher: International Water Association Publishing
Copyright: © 2018 IWA Publishing
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