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The pond culture of Anguilla australis in New Zealand - with special reference to techniques and management of the experimental farm at Te Kaha, Bay of Plenty. Pt.1. [1983]

Jones, J.B.ORCID: 0000-0002-0773-2007, Astill, M. and Kerei, E. (1983) The pond culture of Anguilla australis in New Zealand - with special reference to techniques and management of the experimental farm at Te Kaha, Bay of Plenty. Pt.1. [1983]. Rivista Italiana di Piscicoltura e Ittiopatologia, 18 . pp. 85-104.

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Abstract

The first eel farm in New Zealand was built by William Scollay and Co. together with the Japanese company Sumimoto, at Kerikeri, North Auckland, in 1971. The following year Wattie Industries toge-ther with Donaghy Industries built a farm at Brookby, and in 1973 a further four farms were built. Two were to use heated water, one at Meremere (Watties) and one at Pal<uranga {Carter Merchants). The other two were outdoor farms, at Te Kaha (Hourota Industries and Taiyo Fishing Company) and at Flag Swamp, Dunedin (Wrightson-NMA).

All these ventures failed over the next two years, for a variety of reasons including escalating food costs, depressed export prices, irregular supplies of glass eels, unfamiliarity with the culture requirements of the New Zealand species and some instances of disease.

Despite these initial failures it was considered that there should be a more detailed study of eel farming, and that a more carefully controlled evaluation of prospects and problems should be undertaken (WAUGH, 1980). This was made possible in 1976 wnen the eel farm owned by Hourota Industries was offered to the Government as an aquaculture facility and pilot production station. The farm was re-opened in 1977 and serviced by the Fisheries Management Division, but in 1978 the responsibility for the station passed to the Fisheries Research Division.

Research effort was concentrated on developing techniques for farming the short-finned eel, Anguilla australis. These techniques were applied to a pilot production programme in 1978 which culminated in the harvest of 1.4 tonnes of eels in 1980.

This publication describes the facilities which in the light of experience we believe are required in a commercial eel farm and how traditional Japanese techniques have been adapted at Te Kaha to achieve a limited commercial harvest.

Also included is a discussion on the problems encountered at Te Kaha, outlining areas where additional research is required. Relevant data collected at Te Kaha is included in the appendices.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publisher: Treviso : Associazione piscicoltori italiani.
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/43123
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