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New insights into the evolution of wheat avenin-like proteins in wild emmer wheat (Triticum dicoccoides)

Zhang, Y., Hu, X., Islam, S., She, M., Peng, Y., Yu, Z., Wylie, S.ORCID: 0000-0002-5639-7460, Juhász, A., Dowla, M., Yang, R.ORCID: 0000-0003-2563-2015, Zhang, J.ORCID: 0000-0002-1623-4675, Wang, X., Dell, B., Chen, X., Nevo, E., Sun, D. and Ma, W.ORCID: 0000-0002-1264-866X (2018) New insights into the evolution of wheat avenin-like proteins in wild emmer wheat (Triticum dicoccoides). Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 115 (52). pp. 13312-13317.

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Fifteen full-length wheat grain avenin-like protein coding genes (TaALP) were identified on chromosome arms 7AS, 4AL, and 7DS of bread wheat with each containing five genes. Besides the a- and b-type ALPs, a c type was identified in the current paper. Both a and b types have two subunits, named x and y types. The five genes on each of the three chromosome arms consisted of two x-type genes, two y-type genes, and one c-type gene. The a-type genes were typically of 520 bp in length, whereas the b types were of 850 bp in length, and the c type was of 470 bp in length. The ALP gene transcript levels were significantly up-regulated in Blumeria graminis f. sp. tritici (Bgt)-infected wheat grain caryopsis at early grain filling. Wild emmer wheat [(WEW), Triticum dicoccoides] populations were focused on in our paper to identify allelic variations of ALP genes and to study the influence of natural selection on certain alleles. Consequently, 25 alleles were identified for TdALP-bx-7AS, 13 alleles were identified for TdALP-ax-7AS, 7 alleles were identified for TdALP-ay-7AS, and 4 alleles were identified for TdALP-ax-4AL. Correlation studies on TdALP gene diversity and ecological stresses suggested that environmental factors contribute to the ALP polymorphism formation in WEW. Many allelic variants of ALPs in the endosperm of WEW are not present in bread wheat and therefore could be utilized in breeding bread wheat varieties for better quality and elite plant defense characteristics.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation(s): Western Australian State Agricultural Biotechnology Centre
School of Veterinary and Life Sciences
Publisher: National Academy of Sciences
Copyright: © 2018 the Author(s).
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