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A checklist of the parasites of New Zealand fishes including previously unpublished records

Hine, M. and Jones, J.B.ORCID: 0000-0002-0773-2007 (2000) A checklist of the parasites of New Zealand fishes including previously unpublished records. The National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research, Wellington, New Zealand.



An earlier checklist of parasites of New Zealand fishes (Hewitt & Hine 1972) listed 356 parasite species from 143 fish species, most (78%) of which were reported in the 25 years up to 1972. Many of these parasites were reported by parasitologists working specific groups, such as blood parasites (Laird 1951, 1952, 1953), myxosporeans (Meglitsch 1960), digeneans (Manter 1954), monogeneans (Dillon & Hargis 1965a & b, 1968), cestodes (Alexander 1963) and nematodes (Brunsdon 1956).

The checklist of Hewitt & Hine (1972) is here updated to 1999. The species reported in the earlier checklist are listed here, but, for the sake of brevity, the references to those species are not included. The fish species listed here each have a code that indicates whether they are freshwater (F), shallow water (SW), inshore shelf (I), central to outer shelf (C), or outer shelf/oceanic (0), whether they are agnathans (lampreys and hagfishes) (A), elasmobranchs (sharks and rays) (E), holocephalans (ghost sharks) (H), or teleosts (T), and whether they are pelagic (P) or demersal (D). Each fish species then has its own number. This system has also been applied to the listed fishes from Hewitt & Hine (1972), and the taxonomy of fishes listed in Hewitt & Hine (1972) has been updated.

This paper firstly lists the hosts and their parasites. Hosts are in most cases listed alphabetically by genera within each host group (elasmobranchs, teleosts, etc) and within pelagic and demersal groups. Where the name is followed by "(see Hewitt & Hine 1972)", this indicates that all the records occur in the earlier checklist. Where "(see also Hewitt & Hine 1972)" is used, this means that some of the records occur in the earlier checklist, and some are new. A list of the parasites and the hosts in which they occur is then given.

Item Type: Report
Series Name: NIWA Technical Report; No. 75
Publisher: The National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research
Copyright: 2000 NIWA
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