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Why won’t they grow? – Inhibitory substances and mollusc hatcheries

Jones, J.B.ORCID: 0000-0002-0773-2007 (2006) Why won’t they grow? – Inhibitory substances and mollusc hatcheries. Aquaculture International, 14 (4). pp. 395-403.

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Molluscs are known to be seriously affected by trace amounts of environmental pollutants such as tributyltin at concentrations in seawater that are below the level of detection by all but the most sensitive chemical analytical techniques. This extreme sensitivity by molluscs has led to use of both adults and larvae as biomonitors for environmental pollution. Mollusc aquaculture has led to an increasing demand for commercial hatcheries to supply seed stock, including selected genetic lines of spat and juveniles. It is becoming apparent that many of the unexplained “crashes”, ill thrift or failures of larvae to metamorphose in such hatcheries are primarily due to their being compromised for a range of reasons including traces of inhibitory or toxic substances in the water supply. Because dead and dying larvae are ideal substrates for bacterial and ciliate growth, such invaders are often assumed to be the primary cause of the problem and this hinders finding a solution. In addition, many of the toxins which may be implicated in crashes are sporadic in occurrence and are both difficult to detect and hard to remove from the water supply. This paper provides evidence for these toxic effects and suggests ways of reducing the problems.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publisher: Springer Netherlands
Copyright: © 2006 Springer Science+Business Media, Inc.
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