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Social networks: a tool for assessing the impact of perturbations on wildlife behaviour and implications for pathogen transmission

Jones, K.L., Thompson, R.C.A. and Godfrey, S.S. (2018) Social networks: a tool for assessing the impact of perturbations on wildlife behaviour and implications for pathogen transmission. Behaviour, 155 (7-9). pp. 689-730.

Link to Published Version: https://doi.org/10.1163/1568539X-00003485
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Abstract

Wildlife are increasingly subject to perturbations, which can impact pathogen transmission and lead to disease emergence. While a myriad of factors influence disease dynamics in wildlife, behaviour is emerging as a major influence. In this review, we examine how perturbations alter the behaviour of individuals and how, in turn, disease transmission may be impacted, with a focus on the use of network models as a powerful tool. There are emerging hypotheses as to how networks respond to different types of perturbations. The broad effects of perturbations make predicting potential outcomes and identifying mitigation opportunities for disease emergence critical; yet, the current paucity of data makes identification of underlying trends difficult. Social network analysis facilitates a mechanistic approach to how perturbation-induced behavioural changes result in shifts in pathogen transmission. However, the field is still developing, and future work should strive to address current deficits. There is particular need for empirical data to support modelling predictions and increased inclusion of pathogen monitoring in network studies.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation: School of Veterinary and Life Sciences
Publisher: Brill
Copyright: © 2018 Copyright 2018 by Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/42644
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