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Bilaterally reduced intraepidermal nerve fiber density in unilateral CRPS-I

Rasmussen, V.F., Karlsson, P., Drummond, P.D.ORCID: 0000-0002-3711-8737, Schaldemose, E.L., Terkelsen, A.J., Jensen, T.S. and Knudsen, L.F. (2017) Bilaterally reduced intraepidermal nerve fiber density in unilateral CRPS-I. Pain Medicine, 19 (10). pp. 2021-2030.

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Objective: Findings regarding small nerve fiber damage in complex regional pain syndrome type I (CRPS-I) are not uniform, and studies have not included a matched healthy control group. The aim was to assess intraepidermal nerve fiber density (IENFD) in relation to thermal sensitivity of the same skin areas in CRPS-I patients and a gender- and age-matched healthy control group.

Methods: IENFD was investigated in skin biopsies from the CRPS-affected and contralateral limbs of eight CRPS-I patients and from an equivalent site in eight gender- and age-matched healthy controls (HCs). Thermal thresholds (cold/warm detection, cold- and heat-pain detection) were assessed on the affected limb, the matching contralateral limb, and on the equivalent limbs of HCs, and participants rated the intensity of cold/heat and pain to static thermal stimuli (5 °C and 40 °C).

Results: IENFD was significantly lower in both the affected and contralateral limbs of CRPS-I patients than HCs, but IENFD did not differ between the affected and contralateral limbs of patients. The heat pain threshold was lower in the affected CRPS-I limb than in HCs, but all other thermal thresholds were similar in both groups. CRPS-I patients rated the cold stimulus as colder and more painful in the affected limb, and the warm stimulus as hotter, bilaterally, than the HCs.

Conclusions: CRPS-I may be associated with bilateral small fiber damage, and perhaps small fiber neuropathy and bilateral disturbances in thermo-sensory perception. These disturbances could stem from a systemic response to injury or might increase the risk of developing CRPS-I after physical trauma.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation(s): Centre for Research on Chronic Pain and Inflammatory Diseases
School of Psychology and Exercise Science
Publisher: Wiley
Copyright: © 2018 American Academy of Pain Medicine
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