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Radiolabeling of nucleic acid aptamers for highly sensitive disease-specific molecular imaging

Hassanzadeh, L., Chen, S. and Veedu, R. (2018) Radiolabeling of nucleic acid aptamers for highly sensitive disease-specific molecular imaging. Pharmaceuticals, 11 (4). p. 106.

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Aptamers are short single-stranded DNA or RNA oligonucleotide ligand molecules with a unique three-dimensional shape, capable of binding to a defined molecular target with high affinity and specificity. Since their discovery, aptamers have been developed for various applications, including molecular imaging, particularly nuclear imaging that holds the highest potential for the clinical translation of aptamer-based molecular imaging probes. Their easy laboratory production without any batch-to-batch variations, their high stability, their small size with no immunogenicity and toxicity, and their flexibility to incorporate various functionalities without compromising the target binding affinity and specificity make aptamers an attractive class of targeted-imaging agents. Aptamer technology has been utilized in nuclear medicine imaging techniques, such as single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) and positron emission tomography (PET), as highly sensitive and accurate biomedical imaging modalities towards clinical diagnostic applications. However, for aptamer-targeted PET and SPECT imaging, conjugation of appropriate radionuclides to aptamers is crucial. This review summarizes various strategies to link the radionuclides to chemically modified aptamers to accomplish aptamer-targeted PET and SPECT imaging.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation(s): Centre for Comparative Genomics
Publisher: MDPI
Copyright: © 2018 by the authors
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