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Epidemiology of pseudorabies in intensive pig farms in Shanghai, China: Herd-level prevalence and risk factors

Xia, L., Sun, Q., Wang, J., Chen, Q., Liu, P., Shen, C., Sun, J., Tu, Y., Shen, S., Zhu, J., Zhao, H., Wang, Q., Li, B., Tao, J., Soares Magalhães, R.J., Yan, Y. and Cai, C. (2018) Epidemiology of pseudorabies in intensive pig farms in Shanghai, China: Herd-level prevalence and risk factors. Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 159 . pp. 51-56.

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Pseudorabies (PR), also known as Aujeszky's disease, is a highly contagious disease affecting pigs and a wide range of animals. Pseudorabies is enzootic in many countries. In China, it is a priority animal disease for control and eradication, however the data on disease frequency in intensive pig farms and the information on associated risk factors is inadequate. A cross-sectional study of intensive pig farms (≥350 sows) in Shanghai was conducted to determine herd-level prevalence of PRV and associated risk factors. Following a two-stage random sampling design, a total of 1349 sow serum samples were tested by gpI-ELISA from a total of 91 intensive pig farms in Shanghai. A herd was classified as positive if at least one PRV test-positive sow was present. Information on putative risk/protective factors was collected using questionnaires to pig farm owners or veterinarians. A logistic regression model was built to identify risk/protective factors for herd positivity. The results indicated that the herd-level true prevalence was 67.6% (95% CI:57.0–77.0). In the multivariable logistic regression model using backward stepwise procedure, two risk factors were found to be significantly associated with herd positivity: ‘Breeding with introduced sows in the last 12 months’ (OR = 3.5, 95%CI:1.2, 10.3) and ‘Presence of stray dogs or cats’ (OR = 4.0, 95%CI: 1.2, 12.6). The multivariable logistic model fitted the data well. Hosmer-Lemeshow goodness of fit test showed χ2 = 10.86 (df = 8, p = 0.21 > 0.05) and the predictability (area under the ROC curve) was 0.86. This study suggested that PR was highly endemic in intensive pig farms in Shanghai. The risk and protective factors identified in this study could be useful to improve the prevention policy of PR in Shanghai and other areas of China.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation(s): School of Veterinary and Life Sciences
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Copyright: © 2018 Elsevier B.V.
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