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Effect of date palm (Phoenix dactylifera)seed extract as a dietary supplementation on growth performance immunological haematological biochemical parameters of common carp

Mohammadi, Maryam, Soltani, M., Siahpoosh, Ali, Hosseini Shekarabi, S.P., Shamsaie Mehrgan, M. and Lymbery, A.ORCID: 0000-0002-0542-3446 (2018) Effect of date palm (Phoenix dactylifera)seed extract as a dietary supplementation on growth performance immunological haematological biochemical parameters of common carp. Aquaculture Research, 49 (8). pp. 2903-2912.

Link to Published Version: https://doi.org/10.1111/are.13760
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Abstract

This study aimed to assess the effect of date palm (Phoenix dactylifera) seed (DPS) extract at 0.5%, 1%, 2% and 4% as a dietary supplement over 60 days, on the growth and immune-physiology of common carp (Cyprinus carpio) fingerlings. The weight gain in fish fed with 0.5% DPS was significantly greater than other treatments and fish fed a control diet with no DPS (p < 0.05). With increasing DPS dosage above 0.5%, weight gain and growth rate gradually declined. Feed conversion ratio in fish fed 0.5% DPS was lower than other treatments, but not significantly so, except for the highest DPS concentration (4%). With respect to immunophysiological variables, fish treated with 0.5% DPS leucocyte, neutrophil, lymphocyte and monocyte counts that were generally equivalent to fish on a control diet, but significantly lower than fish treated with greater concentrations of DPS (p < 0.05). Chemilumincene response and lysozyme activity, as well as levels of total protein and albumin, were higher in all treated groups than the control. The highest levels of iron and high density lipoprotein (HDL) were observed in fish fed with 0.5% DPS, while the levels of aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP), glucose, cholesterol, triglyceride, low density lipoprotein (LDH), thyrotropin, thyroxine and triiodothyronine were lower level in fish fed with 0.5% DPS than in all other treatments. In aquaculture practice, use of 0.5% DPS in commercial carp feed can improve the growth rate and condition of fish.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation: School of Veterinary and Life Sciences
Publisher: Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Copyright: © 2018 John Wiley & Sons Ltd
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/41424
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