Murdoch University Research Repository

Welcome to the Murdoch University Research Repository

The Murdoch University Research Repository is an open access digital collection of research
created by Murdoch University staff, researchers and postgraduate students.

Learn more

Diverse bacterial species contribute to antibiotic-associated diarrhoea and gastrointestinal damage

Larcombe, S., Hutton, M.L., Riley, T.V., Abud, H.E. and Lyras, D. (2018) Diverse bacterial species contribute to antibiotic-associated diarrhoea and gastrointestinal damage. Journal of Infection, 77 (5). pp. 417-426.

[img]
Preview
PDF - Authors' Version
Download (2MB) | Preview
Link to Published Version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jinf.2018.06.006
*Subscription may be required

Abstract

Objectives: Antibiotic-associated diarrhoea (AAD) caused by C. difficile is one of the most common nosocomial infections, however, little is known about infections related to antimicrobial use for pathogens other than C. difficile. We therefore aimed to provide insight into other bacterial causes of AAD, and how infection with these pathogens causes damage in the dysbiotic gut.

Methods: Clinical isolates from C. difficile-negative AAD patients were whole genome sequenced for in silico analysis of potential virulence factors and antimicrobial resistance determinants. A mouse model of infection was developed to assess the capacity of these isolates to cause gastrointestinal damage, which was analysed by studying specific markers in the gastrointestinal mucosa of infected mice.

Results: Several bacterial pathogens were isolated from patients with C. difficile-negative AAD. Each isolate showed the potential for virulence based on encoded virulence factors, as well as most showing antimicrobial resistance in vitro. Isolates of Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Klebsiella pneumoniae were tested in the mouse model of infection, inducing damage primarily in the small intestine, affecting adherens junction integrity, cellular polarity, and cellular proliferation.

Conclusions: Several pathogens of clinical importance other than C. difficile are able to cause gastrointestinal infection following antimicrobial-mediated dysbiosis. The virulence potential and multidrug resistance identified in these isolates illuminates the importance of further diagnostic screening in cases of C. difficile-negative AAD.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation: School of Veterinary and Life Sciences
Publisher: WB Saunders
Copyright: © 2018 Published by Elsevier Ltd on behalf of The British Infection Association
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/41316
Item Control Page Item Control Page

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year