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Cladribine versus fingolimod, natalizumab and interferon β for multiple sclerosis

Kalincik, T., Jokubaitis, V., Spelman, T., Horakova, D., Havrdova, E., Trojano, M., Lechner-Scott, J., Lugaresi, A., Prat, A., Girard, M., Duquette, P., Grammond, P., Solaro, C., Grand’Maison, F., Hupperts, R., Prevost, J., Sola, P., Ferraro, D., Terzi, M., Butler, E., Slee, M., Kermode, A., Fabis-Pedrini, M., McCombe, P., Barnett, M., Shaw, C., Hodgkinson, S. and Butzkueven, H. (2017) Cladribine versus fingolimod, natalizumab and interferon β for multiple sclerosis. Multiple Sclerosis Journal, 24 (12). pp. 1617-1626.

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This propensity score–matched analysis from MSBase compared the effectiveness of cladribine with interferon β, fingolimod or natalizumab.

We identified all patients with relapse-onset multiple sclerosis, exposure to the study therapies and ⩾1-year on-treatment follow-up from MSBase. Three pairwise propensity score–matched analyses compared treatment outcomes over 1 year. The outcomes were hazards of first relapse, disability accumulation and disability improvement events. Sensitivity analyses were completed.

The cohorts consisted of 37 (cladribine), 1940 (interferon), 1892 (fingolimod) and 1410 patients (natalizumab). The probability of experiencing a relapse on cladribine was lower than on interferon (p = 0.05), similar to fingolimod (p = 0.31) and higher than on natalizumab (p = 0.042). The probability of disability accumulation on cladribine was similar to interferon (p = 0.37) and fingolimod (p = 0.089) but greater than natalizumab (p = 0.021). The probability of disability improvement was higher on cladribine than interferon (p = 0.00017), fingolimod (p = 0.0025) or natalizumab (p = 0.00099). Sensitivity analyses largely confirmed the above results.

Cladribine is an effective therapy for relapse-onset multiple sclerosis. Its effect on relapses is comparable to fingolimod and its effect on disability accrual is comparable to interferon β and fingolimod. Cladribine may potentially associate with superior recovery from disability relative to interferon, fingolimod and natalizumab.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation(s): Institute for Immunology and Infectious Diseases
Publisher: Sage Publications
Copyright: © 2018 SAGE Publications
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