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A Comparative Analysis Of Building Construction Materials: Thermal simulation and life-cycle assessment

Krishnakumar, Swapna (2017) A Comparative Analysis Of Building Construction Materials: Thermal simulation and life-cycle assessment. Honours thesis, Murdoch University.

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This thesis study investigates the environmentally, economically and socially viable options building materials for Western Australian community. Building construction has significant impact on the environment. Almost 23% of GHG emission comes from building Industry. Therefore material selection should be carefully considered.

In this research, a typical 3 bedroom, 2 bathrooms, 2 garage detached single storey house plan located in Perth, was considered as a case study house.

The first objectives of this research were to develop a comparative analysis of four different building materials (Clay-fired Brick, Steel, Precast Concrete and Timber). The estimated results showed that the least total estimated cost and least embodied energy of material is timber cladding house with $191200 and 188.4 Giga Joule.

A secondary objective was to identify energy efficient house using a building software IES-VE (Integrated Environmental Solutions Virtual Environment). The results indicated that Steel cladded house shows minimum (6.63 degree Celsius) and maximum air temperature (49.3degree Celsius) inside the house (assume doors and windows of the house is closed).

Third objective was to identify life cycle assessment using eTool. The environmental impacts were assessed using eTool, over a life cycle of 45 years. The results indicated that Timber cladded house shows high embodied energy (1504 GJ) compared to other four different design options and less global warming 61,828 kgCO2−eq.

Item Type: Thesis (Honours)
Murdoch Affiliation(s): School of Engineering and Information Technology
Supervisor(s): Anda, Martin
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