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Extended survival of Puccinia graminis f. sp. tritici urediniospores: implications for biosecurity and on-farm management

Barua, P., You, M.P., Bayliss, K.L.ORCID: 0000-0002-4431-3389, Lanoiselet, V. and Barbetti, M.J. (2017) Extended survival of Puccinia graminis f. sp. tritici urediniospores: implications for biosecurity and on-farm management. Plant Pathology, 67 (4). pp. 799-809.

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Puccinia graminis f. sp. tritici (Pgt), the causal organism of stem rust, is of global importance across wheat-growing countries. However, some epidemics commence without the obvious presence of ‘alternate’ or ‘green bridge’ hosts, suggesting urediniospores can survive in the absence of suitable host plants for many weeks. Testing a range of inert material types, including metals, plastics, fabrics and woods, highlighted a significant effect of material type and temperature on urediniospore viability (P < 0.001), with urediniospores remaining attached and viable on these materials (aluminium, paper, rubber, all fabric and all woods) for up to 365 days at 23/8 °C day/night. At 36/14 °C day/night, urediniospore viability was retained for a maximum of 300 days on denim and jute. Furthermore, at 45/15 °C day/night, urediniospores remained viable for a maximum of 180 days on cotton and jute. The frequency of recovery of attached urediniospores was also dependent upon the material type, with significant differences between materials in their abilities to retain urediniospores after washing (P < 0.001). Urediniospores recovered even after 300 or 365 days from the lower two temperature regimes successfully initiated infections of wheat seedlings. Results confirm the potential importance of inert materials as long-term carriers of viable Pgt urediniospores, highlighting risks of spread of new pathotypes and strains across wheat-growing regions, the significant biosecurity implications for contaminated carrier materials, and its likely survival across seasons without a host.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation(s): School of Veterinary and Life Sciences
Publisher: Wiley
Copyright: © 2017 British Society for Plant Pathology
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