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Efficient skipping of single exon duplications in DMD Patient-Derived cell lines using an antisense oligonucleotide approach

Wein, N., Vulin, A., Findlay, A.R., Gumienny, F., Huang, N., Wilton, S.D. and Flanigan, K.M. (2017) Efficient skipping of single exon duplications in DMD Patient-Derived cell lines using an antisense oligonucleotide approach. Journal of Neuromuscular Diseases, 4 (3). pp. 199-207.

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Background:Exon skipping strategies in Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) have largely been directed toward altering splicing of exons flanking out-of-frame deletions, with the goal of restoring an open mRNA reading frame that leads to production of an internally deleted but partially functional dystrophin protein. Objective:We sought to apply exon skipping to duplication mutations, assuming that the inherently limited efficiency of antisense oligonucleotide-induced exon skipping would more frequently skip a single copy of a duplicated exon, rather than both and result in significant amounts of wild-type DMD mRNA. Methods:We tested this hypothesis in fibroblast cell lines derived from patients with a variety of single or multiple exon duplications that have been modified to allow transdifferentiation into a myogenic lineage. Results:Using a variety of 2’O-methyl antisense oligonucleotides, significant skipping was induced for each duplication leading to a wild-type transcript as a major mRNA product. Conclusions:This study provides another proof of concept for the feasibility of therapeutic skipping in patients carrying exon duplications in order to express wild-type, full-length mRNA, although careful evaluation of the skipping efficiency should be performed as some exons are easier to skip than others. Such a personalized strategy is expected to be highly beneficial for this subset of DMD patients, compared to inducing expression of an internally-deleted dystrophin.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation(s): Centre for Comparative Genomics
Publisher: IOS Press
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