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Adding to the Kruger experience: Developing thresholds of potential change for tourism and social sustainability

Munro, J.K., Moore, S.A. and Frietag-Ronaldson, S. (2007) Adding to the Kruger experience: Developing thresholds of potential change for tourism and social sustainability. In: 21st Annual Meeting of the Society for Conservation Biology, 1 - 5 July, Port Elizabeth, South Africa.


Kruger National Park is one of the world’s iconic national parks. It also has a sophisticated adaptive approach to conservation biology management, based on distinct monitoring endpoints. To-date, these thresholds of potential concern have been developed for ecological monitoring, however, recent efforts are shifting to a focus on social, tourism and economic concerns. This paper reports on joint research underway between Murdoch University in Western Australia and staff from Kruger National Park to conceptualise and determine thresholds for tourism and the social and economic sustainability of communities associated with the Park. This paper reports on the first part of this research. Conceptualisation began with the existing approach to ecological monitoring complemented by contributions from complex systems theory, recent theoretical and empirical work in community-based management, and current theorising regarding resilience in ecological and most recently social systems. Results from these associated fields suggest that these social thresholds are likely to be highly context specific. As such, clear descriptions of the current social and economic settings will be essential if meaningful interpretation of the associated monitoring data is to be achieved.

Item Type: Conference Item
Murdoch Affiliation(s): School of Environmental Science
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