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Artificial meat and the future of the meat industry

Bonny, S.P.F., Gardner, G.E.ORCID: 0000-0001-7499-9986, Pethick, D.W.ORCID: 0000-0002-3255-7677 and Hocquette, J-F (2017) Artificial meat and the future of the meat industry. Animal Production Science, 57 (11). pp. 2216-2223.

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The global population is estimated to plateau at 9 billion by the year 2050; however, projected food-production estimates would supply for only 8 billion people, using the business as usual' approach. In particular, the meat industry would need to increase production by similar to 50-73%. In response, there are several different options that have the potential to satisfy demand and increase production. Some of these options require advanced technologies and many may be considered as artificial' by different consumer groups. Within the meat industry itself, available technologies include selective breeding, agroecology systems, animal cloning and genetic modification. Alternatively, meat proteins can be replaced or substituted with proteins from plants, fungi, algae or insects. Finally, meat products could be produced using in vitro culturing and three-dimensional printing techniques. The protein produced by these techniques can be considered in the following three categories: modified livestock systems, synthetic meat systems, and meat substitutes. In the future, it is likely that meat substitutes will increase market share through competition with low-grade cuts of meat, sausages, ground meat and processed meat. However, synthetic meat systems and meat substitutes have significant barriers to commercialisation and widespread adoption that will affect their presence at least in the high-end premium sector in the market. To meet growing demands for protein, and in the face of growing competition from other sectors, the conventional meat industry must adopt new technologies and farming systems. These must be tailored to the challenges facing the industry and must effectively respond to consumer demands and the changing market place.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation(s): School of Veterinary and Life Sciences
Publisher: CSIRO Publishing
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