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Evaluation of ethanedinitrile (EDN) as a methyl bromide alternative for eradication of European House Borer (EHB)

Emery, R.N., Ren, Y., Newman, J. and Thalavaisundaram, S. (2014) Evaluation of ethanedinitrile (EDN) as a methyl bromide alternative for eradication of European House Borer (EHB). In: 11th International Working Conference on Stored Product Protection, 24 - 28 November, Chiang Mai, Thailand pp. 942-949.

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European House Borer (EHB) Hylotrupes bajulus Linnaeus, is considered a serious invasive threat because it is a destructive pest of seasoned coniferous timber including pine, fir and spruce. If allowed to become established it can cause major structural damage to buildings. The pest is able to live in a variety of climatic conditions however it prefers temperate habitats. Methyl bromide is widely used for quarantine treatment but it is being phased out due to its listing as an ozone depleting substance. Furthermore, complete control of EHB with methyl bromide in timber at low temperatures and high moisture content is difficult. Currently, there are no known chemical or biological controls for EHB larvae in timber and wood packaging and the obvious way to reduce the quarantine threat posed by EHB is to develop reliable and effective means to disinfest wooden materials at the source. There is an urgent requirement for an alternative effective fumigant for the control of EHB larva in timber and wood. Ethanedinitrile (EDN) is a new fumigant (patented under the chemical name “cyanogen”) and it is known to be highly toxic to insect pests of timber and is fast acting. It is believed to have particular potential as a quarantine treatment for timber. EHB larvae of differing lengths were found to have varying tolerance to both EDN and methyl bromide with the larger EHB found to be more tolerant. In all experimental fumigations with larvae of a range of lengths and at varying exposure times (6 and 24 hours), EDN showed more toxicity than methyl bromide. EDN achieved 100% mortality at 40 mg/L, 25°C and 70% r.h. for 24 hours of exposure with timber blocks artificially infested with EHB. However, under the same experimental conditions, methyl bromide at 48 mg/L only achieved a mortality range of 97.3-100%.

Item Type: Conference Paper
Murdoch Affiliation(s): School of Veterinary and Life Sciences
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