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Genetic Variability in Pectic Enzymes of Rhizoctonia solani Isolates Causing Bare-patch Disease of Cereals

Yang, H.A., Zhou, J., Sivasithamparam, K., Tommerup, I.C., Barton, J.E. and O'Brien, P.A. (1994) Genetic Variability in Pectic Enzymes of Rhizoctonia solani Isolates Causing Bare-patch Disease of Cereals. Journal of Phytopathology, 141 (3). pp. 259-266.

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Field isolates of Rhizoctonia solani obtained from three discrete bare patches in a wheat field in Western Australia were characterized by pectic zymogram grouping. The genetic background of pectic enzymes was analysed by comparing the zymograms of asexual homokaryons and sexual progenies derived from field isolates. The 170 field isolates obtained from the field site produced indistinguishable pectic zymograms. However, variations among field isolates of the same zymogram group were detected, on the basis of zymograms of their resultant protoplast‐regenerated cultures. Asexual sibling homokaryons derived from each of the field isolates were heterogeneous for their pectic enzymes. Homokaryons with a common heterokary on incompatibility factor, obtained from a field isolates were homogeneous for pectic enzymes. Basidiospore progenies of a field isolate segregated widely in pectic zymograms. It appeared that the expression of pectic enzymes by field isolates involved multiple genetic factors. The variation of zymograms among homokaryotic strains suggests that each field isolate of R. solani contains two types of nuclei, although cells of vegetative hyphae are multinucleate.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publisher: Blackwell Publishing Inc.
Copyright: © 1994, Wiley Blackwell.
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