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A fed-batch design approach of struvite system in controlled supersaturation

Ali, MD.I. and Schneider, P.A. (2006) A fed-batch design approach of struvite system in controlled supersaturation. Chemical Engineering Science, 61 (12). pp. 3951-3961.

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This paper focuses on struvite (MgNH4PO4.6H2O) crystallization in controlled supersaturation. Struvite can be used as a slow-release fertilizer. Crystallization experiments were conducted using supersaturated solutions. The secondary focus of this paper is the design of a struvite recovery system in fed-batch-controlled supersaturation mode. The design and commissioning of fed-batch struvite crystallization included the determination of operating supersaturation of struvite crystallization, suitable seed materials and the composition of feed solution. Determination of operating supersaturation of struvite crystallization was conducted by two steps including thermodynamic simulation using gPROMS2 (process simulation software) along with a set of batch experiments. Investigation of suitable seed materials was also conducted using set of batch experiments. Two types of seed materials including quartz sand and struvite seeds were used in the investigation of seed materials. Composition of feed solution included the investigation of struvite solution chemistry using PHREEQC3 thermodynamic modeling package. Based on the previously investigated design approach, struvite crystallization in fed-batch system was conducted using a 44-L of reactor with 15-L of initial reactant volume.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publisher: Pergamon Press
Copyright: © 2006 Elsevier Ltd.
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