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Spirochetes: Borrelia and Brachyspira

Hampson, D.J.ORCID: 0000-0002-7729-0427, Collett, S.R., Phillips, N.D. and La, T. (2016) Spirochetes: Borrelia and Brachyspira. In: Williams, S.M., Dufour-Zavala, L., Jackwood, M.W., Lee, M.D., Lupiana, B., Reed, W.M., Spackman, E. and Woolcock, P.R., (eds.) A laboratory manual for the isolation, identification, and characterisation of avian pathogens. American Association of Avian Pathologists, Athens, Georgia, USA, pp. 113-119.


Spirochete infections of birds are caused by helical-shaped bacteria of the order Spirochaetales, family Spirochaetaceae. Two distinct syndromes exist because of differences in spirochete colonization, pathogenesis, and lesion production; non-relapsing, tickbourne, acute septicemic borreliosis caused by Borrelia anserina; and subacute-to-chronic intestinal disorders of varying severity caused by a divese group of spirochetes of the genus Brachyspira.

Item Type: Book Chapter
Publisher: American Association of Avian Pathologists
Copyright: © 2016 American Association of Avian Pathologists
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