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Effect of transition metal cations on stability enhancement for molybdate-based hybrid supercapacitor

Watcharatharapong, T., Minakshi, M.ORCID: 0000-0001-6558-8317, Chakraborty, S., Li, D., Shafiullah, GM.ORCID: 0000-0002-2211-184X, Aughterson, R.D. and Ahuja, R. (2017) Effect of transition metal cations on stability enhancement for molybdate-based hybrid supercapacitor. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 9 (21). pp. 17977-17991.

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The race for better electrochemical energy storage systems has prompted examination of the stability in the molybdate framework (MMoO4; M = Mn, Co, or Ni) based on a range of transition metal cations from both computational and experimental approaches. Molybdate materials synthesized with controlled nanoscale morphologies (such as nanorods, agglomerated nanostructures, and nanoneedles for Mn, Co, and Ni elements, respectively) have been used as a cathode in hybrid energy storage systems. The computational and experimental data confirms that the MnMoO4 crystallized in β-form with α-MnMoO4 type whereas Co and Ni cations crystallized in α-form with α-CoMoO4 type structure. Among the various transition metal cations studied, hybrid device comprising NiMoO4 vs activated carbon exhibited excellent electrochemical performance having the specific capacitance 82 F g-1 at a current density of 0.1 A g-1 but the cycling stability needed to be significantly improved. The specific capacitance of the NiMoO4 electrode material is shown to be directly related to the surface area of the electrode/electrolyte interface, but the CoMoO4 and MnMoO4 favored a bulk formation that could be suitable for structural stability. The useful insights from the electronic structure analysis and effective mass have been provided to demonstrate the role of cations in the molybdate structure and its influence in electrochemical energy storage. With improved cycling stability, NiMoO4 can be suitable for renewable energy storage. Overall, this study will enable the development of next generation molybdate materials with multiple cation substitution resulting in better cycling stability and higher specific capacitance.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation(s): School of Engineering and Information Technology
Publisher: American Chemical Society
Copyright: © American Chemical Society
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