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Next Generation Sequencing uncovers within-host differences in the genetic diversity of Cryptosporidium gp60 subtypes

Zahedi, A.ORCID: 0000-0002-0165-3797, Gofton, A.W., Jian, F., Paparini, A.ORCID: 0000-0002-1105-5184, Oskam, C., Ball, A.J., Robertson, I.D.ORCID: 0000-0002-4255-4752 and Ryan, U.ORCID: 0000-0003-2710-9324 (2017) Next Generation Sequencing uncovers within-host differences in the genetic diversity of Cryptosporidium gp60 subtypes. International Journal for Parasitology, 47 (10-11). pp. 601-607.

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The extent of within-host genetic diversity of parasites has implications for our understanding of the epidemiology, disease severity and evolution of parasite virulence. As with many other species, our understanding of the within-host diversity of the enteric parasite Cryptosporidium is changing. The present study compared Sanger and Next Generation Sequencing of glycoprotein 60 (gp60) amplicons from Cryptosporidium hominis (n = 11), Cryptosporidium parvum (n = 22) and Cryptosporidium cuniculus (n = 8) DNA samples from Australia and China. Sanger sequencing identified only one gp60 subtype in each DNA sample: one C. hominis subtype (IbA10G2) (n = 11), four C. parvum subtypes belonging to IIa (n = 3) and IId (n = 19) and one C. cuniculus subtype (VbA23) (n = 8). Next Generation Sequencing identified the same subtypes initially identified by Sanger sequencing, but also identified additional gp60 subtypes in C. parvum and C. cuniculus but not in C. hominis, DNA samples. The number of C. parvum and C. cuniculus subtypes identified by Next Generation Sequencing within individual DNA samples ranged from two to four, and both C. parvum IIa and IId subtype families were identified within the one host in two samples. The finding of the present study has important implications for Cryptosporidium transmission tracking as well as vaccine and drug studies.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation(s): School of Veterinary and Life Sciences
Publisher: Elsevier BV
Copyright: © 2017 Australian Society for Parasitology.
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