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Growth of microalgae on undiluted anaerobic digestate of piggery effluent with high ammonium concentrations

Ayre, J.M., Moheimani, N.R.ORCID: 0000-0003-2310-4147 and Borowitzka, M.A.ORCID: 0000-0001-6504-4563 (2017) Growth of microalgae on undiluted anaerobic digestate of piggery effluent with high ammonium concentrations. Algal Research, 24 . pp. 218-226.

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Anaerobic digestate of piggery effluent (ADPE) is extremely high in ammonia toxic to many microorganisms. Bioprospecting and nutrient enrichment of several freshwater and wastewater samples combined and further acclimation resulted in a mixed culture containing at least three microalgae species capable of growing on undiluted ADPE. Outdoor growth of the mixed culture using raceway ponds showed potential for up to 63.7 ± 12.1 mg N-NH4 + L −1 d −1 ammonium removal from the ADPE. The microalgal consortium was dominated by Chlorella sp. and was stable at between 800 and 1600 mg N-NH4 + L −1. Regulation of CO2 addition to the ponds to maintain a pH of 8 increased chlorophyll content of the microalgal consortium. Average microalgal biomass productivity of 800 mg N-NH4 + L −1 culture conditions during five weeks semicontinuous growth was 18.5 mg ash-free dry weight L −1 d −1. Doubling the ammonium concentration from 800 to 1600 mg N-NH4 + L −1 resulted in a 21% reduction of productivity, however the culture grown at 1600 mg N-NH4 + L −1 with the addition of CO2 by keeping pH at pH = 8 led to a 17% increase in biomass productivity.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation(s): School of Veterinary and Life Sciences
Publisher: Elsevier BV
Copyright: © 2017 Elsevier B.V.
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