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Dissonance and paradox in tourism planning - people first?

Macbeth, J. (1996) Dissonance and paradox in tourism planning - people first? ANZALS Leisure Research Series, 3 . pp. 2-19.


Dissonance turned my project on its head and this paper is one result. True to the brief of this volume, dissonance led me to face certain issues in tourism planning, namely the foregrounding of ‘locals’ in policy, planning, development, marketing and delivery of tourism as a sustainable development strategy. The philosophy underlying this foregrounding derives from a non-economic rationalist perspective and from a key aspect of sustainable development, the maintenance of local control. I argue that ‘locals’ have a right to set the parameters of development options, notwithstanding the (vested) interests of governments and private organisations, and a right to protect their own cultural interests, a right to consider the costs and benefits of tourism. The paradox? The contemporary literature on tourism planning, while asserting the need for community participation, tends to transform that participation into consultation, transform it from being potentially proactive to being simply reactive. In the language of power, the tourism development agenda is set elsewhere.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation(s): School of Social Sciences and Humanities
Publisher: Australian and New Zealand Association for Leisure Studies
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