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Gene Deletion in Barley Mediated by LTR-retrotransposon BARE

Shang, Y., Yang, F., Schulman, A.H., Zhu, J., Jia, Y., Wang, J., Zhang, X-Q, Jia, Q., Hua, W., Yang, J. and Li, C. (2017) Gene Deletion in Barley Mediated by LTR-retrotransposon BARE. Scientific Reports, 7 .

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A poly-row branched spike (prbs) barley mutant was obtained from soaking a two-rowed barley inflorescence in a solution of maize genomic DNA. Positional cloning and sequencing demonstrated that the prbs mutant resulted from a 28 kb deletion including the inflorescence architecture gene HvRA2. Sequence annotation revealed that the HvRA2 gene is flanked by two LTR (long terminal repeat) retrotransposons (BARE) sharing 89% sequence identity. A recombination between the integrase (IN) gene regions of the two BARE copies resulted in the formation of an intact BARE and loss of HvRA2. No maize DNA was detected in the recombination region although the flanking sequences of HvRA2 gene showed over 73% of sequence identity with repetitive sequences on 10 maize chromosomes. It is still unknown whether the interaction of retrotransposons between barley and maize has resulted in the recombination observed in the present study.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation(s): Western Barley Genetics Alliance
School of Veterinary and Life Sciences
Publisher: Springer Nature
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