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Antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory activity of fiveTaxandria fragransoilsin vitro

Hammer, K.A., Carson, C.F., Dunstan, J.A., Hale, J., Lehmann, H., Robinson, C.J., Prescott, S.L. and Riley, T.V. (2008) Antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory activity of fiveTaxandria fragransoilsin vitro. Microbiology and Immunology, 52 (11). pp. 522-530.

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The antimicrobial activity of five samples of Taxandria fragrans essential oil was evaluated against a range of Gram-positive (n=26) and Gram-negative bacteria (n=39) and yeasts (n=10). Themajority of organisms were inhibited and/or killed at concentrations ranging from0.06-4.0% v/v. Geometricmeans of MIC were lowest for oil Z (0.77% v/v), followed by oils X (0.86%), C (1.12%), A (1.23%) and B (1.24%). Despite differences in susceptibility data between oils, oils A and X did not differwhen tested at 2%v/v in a time kill assay against Staphylococcus aureus. Cytotoxicity assays using peripheral blood mononuclear cells demonstrated that T. fragrans oil was cytotoxic at 0.004% v/v but not at 0.002%. Exposure to one or more of the oils at concentrations of ≤0.002% v/v resulted in a dose responsive reduction in the production of proinflammatory cytokines IL-6 and TNF-α, regulatory cytokine IL-10, Th1 cytokine IFN-γ and Th2 cytokines IL-5 and IL-13 by PHA stimulated mononuclear cells.Oil B inhibited the production of all cytokines except IL-10, oil X inhibited TNF-γ, IL-6 and IL-10, oil A inhibited TNF-γ and IL-6, oil C inhibited IL-5 and IL-6 and oil Z inhibited IL-13 only. IL-6 production was significantly inhibited by the most oils (A, B, C and X), followed by TNF-γ (oils A, B and X). In conclusion, T. fragrans oil showed both antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory activity in vitro, however, the clinical relevance of this remains to be determined

Item Type: Journal Article
Publisher: Wiley
Copyright: ©2008 The Societies and Blackwell Publishing Asia Pty Ltd.
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